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The oughts and ought nots on
Islamic movements in North Africa
  The Book "Contemporary Islamic Movements in North Africa, written by Nasrollah Sekhavat and prepared by Baqer Al-Olum(AS) University was reprinted by the Book Garden Institute.
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Saturday 16 April 2011 10:37
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Islamic movements in North Africa
BFnews: The present work, is an attempt to show the
Weaknesses and strengths of Islamist movements, especially the contemporary ones and to prove that the more North African intellectual movements take distance from Islam and Imamat culture the more they will be far from their real intended victory.

Islamic movements of North Africa in recent centuries have been deeply rooted in the past Islamic intellectual genres; although they have been generated in response to the invasion of Western colonialism. “Al-Movahedoun movement” was founded in North Africa, centuries ago, due to Ibn -Tomert, but until several centuries after its dissolution, it was still effective.

From the beginning, Africa and especially its North were attended by Islam. The first Muslim immigrants were sent by Islam Prophet (PBUH) to Africa. The Prophet’s (PBUH) first letters were also delivered to that Region. This part of the world was very notable in the Prophet’s (PBUH) diplomacy and his political behavior, so that the author of this book believes that an independent book worth to be written entitled "Islam and the Africa Mutual services".

The present book discussion has been focused and researched from different aspects, particularly among Arabs. The effect of movements and Islamic movements on the generation of the great Maghrib; consisting of Political Units like Algeria, Morocco, Libya, Tunisia and etc. is by no means denied, but these movements, are nowadays viewed only through the political and international relations approaches, while the ideas of thinkers from those countries necessitate still further investigation.

During recent decades in some regions of North Africa like; Algeria and Tunisia, a relative victory was obtained, but the ultimate victory will be gained when their intellectuals and thinkers return back to the origin of Islam and institutionalize the progressive principle of Imamat theory in their thoughts. This wouldn’t be impossible.

An obvious example of this theory is the history of the same region: during its golden age; i.e. during Idrisid dynasty. The special brightness witnessed in North Africa, during that era was so sweet that is still tasted by the region people.

Nevertheless, during the last few months, the African Muslim movements have formed again and in some regions such as Egypt and Tunisia, they have been able to reach some extend of victories. But it seems that lack of a religious leader, has caused some problems in their ways to be continued. So, in such a situation unfortunately the majority of these thinkers and intellectuals neither believed themselves nor Islam and Muslims, enough to be able to reform the community affairs and government as well. Some of them believe that religion is just useful for Hereafter; thus, the government and the world should be sought and demanded through someway other than religion.

Although the present book title is “Contemporary Islamic Movements in North Africa”, but the author, dedicated inevitably a significant portion of it to the Islamic Movements’ backgrounds in those areas. It is to enlighten the minds of contemporary thinkers and Intellectuals that returning to Islamic principles, far from regression, would be possible and efficient.

In the fourth chapter of this book, it is attempted to introduce the theological, epistemological and philosophical foundations of the important movements in North Africa as well as its significant and effective thinkers. Certainly, the supreme Intellectual ideas of Muslim but modern and west influenced thinkers of North Africa , which includes Juridical, theological, interpretative, philosophical and cultural ideas, have determined the political philosophy of that region.

This book seeks to make clear some of these ideas; like what is today current in Rabat University of Morocco which sometimes overflows their country and spread towards our society or elsewhere. These ideas in turn, make some kinds of temporary cross currents which since they have fallen away from their original principles, they are always seeking to reach their origin restlessly.

Concepts and Vocabulary
There are a lot of words in the text of this study which must be explained but some of them such as Colonization are explained in place. So, let's explain the key words such as: movement, Islamic and contemporary movements:

Movement
"Movement" means excitement, movement of people, protests, collective effort to achieve a clear goal and particularly means transformation in some social institutions (Batamor; quoted by Saboori Kashani, 1987.) (Movement). In its social form, it differs from other Political formats and other similar phenomena such as; revolution, rebellion and. Uprising, crusade or movement is apparently a more public attempt to change. In general, a Social and political movement, refers to a massive effort to promote target or resist against change in a society (Batamor; the same resource).

Islamic Movements
"Islamic Movements", refers to a movement which is socially based on Islamic beliefs. Undoubtedly, the greatest and most prominent Islamic movement is the so called moving of Imam Hossain (AS).

Contemporary
"Contemporary" refers to what has happened during the recent passed100 years. This book is organized in four parts and 10 chapters. Historical-Cultural Identity of North Africa, The Presence of West in the Great Maghreb, and The First Resistances and Intellectual Foundations of Contemporary Islamic Movements in North Africa, During the Last Three Decades, are the subtitles of this book.

At the end of this work, a comprehensive list of verses, Hadiths, names and events, religions, tribes and groups are also provided.

The second edition of “Contemporary Islamic Movements in North Africa” is delivered to the book market, with 416 pages in 700 copies and at the price of 93,000R. It is not translated in English.